Research Vineyard Observations (growing season 2015)

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The following post describes the stages of growth of the different varieties planted in the HCC Research Vineyard through the 2015 growing season.  The phenolic stages will be described in common terms such as “bloom”, “grand period of growth”, “veraison”, and “harvest” as well as by the Eichorn-Lorenz (E-L#) system of tracking vine phenology.  The dates associated with the different stages are the dates on which these stages were observed in our vineyard.  This does not mean that it was the beginning date of a certain stage, or the end date, but only that the stage was observed on this date in our vineyard, which could only be scouted once every week or two at most.  There are also notes on yield as well as some common diseases affecting the different varieties within the vineyard.  It should be noted that pest and disease control was very difficult to maintain in this vineyard as all the varieties developed at different rates, and the timing of pesticide application was not ideal for every variety on any given day.

 

‘Jupiter’:

-Winter survival rate: 0/12

-Regrown from root sucker shoots

-Grand period of growth (E-L#7-17) 5/25/15

-All fruit removed for establishment season

-Vines affected by mildews and 2,4-D damage

 

‘Concord’:

-Winter survival rate: 12/12

-Late bud swell (E-L#3) 4/13/15

-1-3” growth (E-L#9) 4/23/15

-Early bloom (E-L#20) 5/25/15

-Bunch closure (E-L#32) 7/17/15

-Still not at veraison (E-L#35) 8/5/15

-Harvest (E-L#38) 9/15/15

-Yield: 9.2 lbs/vine

-Vines affected by 2,4-D damage

 

‘Lakemont’:

-New variety planted this spring

-Bud break (E-L#4) 4/23/15

-Grand period of growth (E-L#7-17) 5/25/15

-All fruit removed for establishment season

– Vines were not affected by diseases or pests

 

‘Mars’:

-Winter survival rate: 11/12

-Bud swell (E-L#2-3) 4/13/15

-Bud break (E-L#4) 4/23/15

-Pre-bloom (E-L#18) 5/25/15

-Veraison (E-L#34) 7/17/15

-Near harvest quality (E-L#37) 8/5/15

-Harvest (E-L#38) 8/15/15

-Harvest notes lost

-Vines were affected by 2,4-D  damage

 

‘ Vanessa’:

-Winter survival rate: 12/12

-Swell (E-L#3) 4/13/15

-Bud break (E-L#4-5) 4/23/15

-Pre-bloom (E-L#19) 5/25/15

-Early veraison (E-L#34) 7/17/15

-Veraison (E-L#35) 8/5/15

-Harvest (E-L#38) 8/26/15

-Yield: 6.9 lbs/vine

-Vines were affected by Black Rot, Summer Rots and 2,4-D damage

 

‘Suffolk Red’:

-Winter survival rate: 12/12

-Early swell (E-L#2) 4/13/15

-Bud break (E-L#3-9) 4/23/15

-Pre-bloom (E-L#19) 5/25/15

-Bunch closure (E-L#32) 7/17/15

-Veraison (E-L#35) 8/5/15

-Harvest (E-L#38) 9/2/15

-Yield: 3.1 lbs/vine

-Vines affected by Black Rot and 2,4-D damage

 

‘Arandell’:

-New vines planted in 2015

-Swell (E-L#2-3) 4/23/15

-Grand period of growth (E-L#7-17) 5/25/15

-All fruit removed for establishment season

-Vines were not affected by any pests or diseases

 

‘Aromella’:

-New vines planted in 2015

-Swell (E-L#2-3) 4/23/15

-Grand period of growth (E-L#7-17) 5/25/15

-All fruit removed for establishment season

-Vines affected by Black Rot and Anthracnose

 

‘Lemberger’:

-New vines planted in 2015

-Early swell (E-L#2) 4/13/15

-Grand period of growth (E-L#7-17) 5/25/15

-All fruit removed for establishment season

-Vines affected by Black Rot

 

‘Muscat Ottonel’:

-New vines planted in 2015

-Grand period of growth (E-L#7-17) 5/25/15

-All fruit removed for establishment season

-Vines were affected by Anthracnose

 

‘Zweigelt’:

-New vines planted in 2015

-Early swell (E-L#2-3) 4/13/15

-Grand period of growth (E-L#7-17) 5/25/15

-All fruit removed for establishment season

-Vines were not affected by any pests or diseases

 

‘Reisling’:

-Winter survival rate: 2/10

-Early swell (E-L#2) 4/13/15

-Grand period of growth (E-L#7-17) 5/25/15

-All fruit removed for establishment season

-Vines affected by Black Rot

 

‘Frontenac’:

-Winter survival rate: 12/12

-Swell (E-L#2-3) 4/13/15

-Bud break (E-L#4-9) 4/23/15

-Early bloom (E-L#20) 5/25/15

-Early veraison (E-L#34) 7/17/15

-Full veraison (E-L#35-37) 8/5/15

-Harvest (E-L#38) 9/9/15

-Yield: 14 lbs/vine

-Brix: 23.8

-pH: 3.6

-Vines were affected by Black Rot

 

‘Frontenac Gris’:

-Winter survival rate: 12/12

-Swell (E-L#2-3) 4/13/15

-Bud break (E-L#4-9) 4/23/15

-Bloom (E-L#23) 5/25/15

-Early veraison (E-L#34) 7/17/15

-Full veraison (E-L#35) 8/5/15

-Harvest (E-L#38) 9/2/15

-Yield: 10.6 lbs/vine

-Vines were affected by Black Rot

 

‘La Crescent’:

-Winter survival rate: 12/12

-Bud break (E-L#2-4) 4/13/15

-1-3” (E-L#9) 4/23/15

-Bloom (E-L#23) 5/25/15

-Bunch closure (E-L#32) 7/17/15

-Veraison (E-L#35) 8/5/15

-Harvest (E-L#38) 9/2/15

-Yield: 8.6 lbs/vine

-Vines were affected by Black Rot and 2,4-D damage

 

‘Edelweiss’:

-Winter survival rate: 12/12

-Bud break (E-L#2-4) 4/23/15

-Bloom (E-L#23) 5/25/15

-Bunch closure (E-L#32) 7/17/15

-Veraison (E-L#35) 8/5/15

-Harvest (E-L#38) 9/3/15

-Yield: 13.0 lbs/vine

-Vines were affected by Black Rot, Bunch Rot and 2,4-D damage

 

‘Marquette’:

-Winter survival rate: 12/12

-Bud break (E-L#2-4) 4/13/15

-1-3” (E-L#9) 4/23/15

-Bloom (E-L#23) 5/25/15

-Veraison (E-L#35) 7/17/15

-Harvest (E-L#38) 9/2/15

-Yield: 4.3 lbs/vine

-Vines were affected by Black Rot

 

‘LaCrosse’:

-Winter survival rate: 12/12

-Bud break (E-L#2-4) 4/23/15

-1-3” (E-L#9) 4/23/15

-Bloom (E-L#23) 5/25/15

-Bunch closure (E-L#32) 7/17/15

-Veraison (E-L#35) 8/5/15

-Harvest (E-L#38) 9/2/15

-Yield: 2.7 lbs/vine

-Vines were affected by Black Rot and Bunch Rot

 

‘Catawba’:

-Winter survival rate: 12/12

-Bud break (E-L#2-4) 4/23/15

-Bloom (E-L#23) 5/25/15

-Bunch closure (E-L#32) 7/17/15

-Harvest (E-L#38) 10/2/15

-Yield: Unknown lbs/vine

-Vines were affected by Black Rot, Bunch Rot and 2,4-D damage

 

‘Brianna’:

-Winter survival rate: 12/12

-Bud break (E-L#2-4) 4/13/15

-1-3” (E-L#9) 4/23/15

-Bloom (E-L#23) 5/25/15

-Veraison (E-L#35) 7/17/15

-Harvest (E-L#38) 9/2/15

-Yield: 6.8 lbs/vine

-Vines were affected by Black Rot, Bunch Rot and 2,4-D damage

 

‘Chardonel’:

-Winter survival rate: 4/12

-Bud break (E-L#2-4) 4/23/15

-1-3” (E-L#9) 4/23/15

-Bloom (E-L#23) 5/25/15

-Bunch closure (E-L#32) 7/17/15

-Veraison (E-L#35) 8/5/15

-Harvest (E-L#38) 9/16/15

-Yield: 0.5 lbs/vine

-Vines were affected by Black Rot

 

‘Chambourcin’:

-Winter survival rate: 3/12

-Bud break (E-L#2-4) 4/23/15

-Bloom (E-L#23) 5/25/15

-Bunch closure (E-L#32) 7/17/15

-Veraison (E-L#35) 8/5/15

-Harvest (E-L#38) 9/15/15

-Yield: 6.0 lbs/vine

-Vines were affected by Black Rot

 

‘Corot Noir’:

-Winter survival rate: 12/12

-Bud break (E-L#2-4) 4/23/15

-Bloom (E-L#23) 5/25/15

-Bunch closure (E-L#32) 7/17/15

-Veraison (E-L#35) 8/5/15

-Harvest (E-L#38) 9/16/15

-Yield: 6.5 lbs/vine

-Vines were affected by Black Rot, Bunch Rot and Downey Mildew

 

‘Cayuga White’:

-Winter survival rate: 7/12

-Bud break (E-L#2-4) 4/23/15

-Bloom (E-L#23) 5/25/15

-Veraison (E-L#35) 7/17/15

-Harvest (E-L#38) 9/2/15

-Yield: 11.7 lbs/vine

-Vines were affected by Black Rot

 

‘Marachel Foch’:

-Winter survival rate: 12/12

-Bud break (E-L#2-4) 4/13/15

-1-3” (E-L#9) 4/23/15

-Bloom (E-L#23) 5/25/15

-Bunch closure (E-L#32) 7/17/15

-Veraison (E-L#35) 8/5/15

-Harvest (E-L#38) 9/2/15

-Yield: 5.7 lbs/vine

-Vines were affected by Black Rot and 2,4-D damage

 

‘Fredonia’:

-Winter survival rate: 12/12

-Bud break (E-L#2-4) 4/23/15

-Bloom (E-L#23) 5/25/15

-Bunch closure (E-L#32) 7/17/15

-Veraison (E-L#35) 8/5/15

-Harvest (E-L#38) 9/2/15

-Yield: 5.6 lbs/vine

-Vines were affected by 2,4-D damage

 

‘Glenora’:

-Winter survival rate: 10/12

-Bud break (E-L#2-4) 4/23/15

-Bloom (E-L#23) 5/25/15

-Veraison (E-L#35) 7/17/15

-Harvest (E-L#38) NA

-Yield: 0.0 lbs/vine

-Vines were affected by Anthracnose and all fruit dropped

 

‘Geneva Red’:

-Winter survival rate: 12/12

-Bud break (E-L#2-4) 4/23/15

-1-3” (E-L#9) 4/23/15

-Bloom (E-L#23) 5/25/15

-Bunch closure (E-L#32) 7/17/15

-Veraison (E-L#35) 8/5/15

-Harvest (E-L#38) 9/9/15

-Yield: 3.6 lbs/vine

-Vines were affected by Black Rot and Bunch Rot

 

‘Marquis:

-Winter survival rate: 12/12

-Bud break (E-L#2-4) 4/23/15

-Bloom (E-L#23) 5/25/15

-Bunch closure (E-L#32) 7/17/15

-Veraison (E-L#35) Never reached

-Harvest (E-L#38) NA

-Yield: 0.0 lbs/vine

-Vines were affected by Anthracnose and all fruit dropped

 

‘Leon Millot’:

-Winter survival rate: 12/12

-1-3” (E-L#9) 4/23/15

-Bloom (E-L#23) 5/25/15

-Bunch closure (E-L#32) 7/17/15

-Veraison (E-L#35) 8/5/15

-Harvest (E-L#38) 9/2/15

-Yield: 3.7 lbs/vine

-Vines were affected by Black Rot, Bunch Rot and 2,4-D damage

 

‘Niagara’:

-Winter survival rate: 12/12

-Bud break (E-L#2-4) 4/23/15

-Bloom (E-L#23) 5/25/15

-Bunch closure (E-L#32) 7/17/15

-Veraison (E-L#35) 8/5/15

-Harvest (E-L#38) 9/16/15

-Yield: 8.5 lbs/vine

-Vines were affected by Black Rot and 2,4-D damage

 

‘Melody’:

-Winter survival rate: 12/12

-Bloom (E-L#23) 5/25/15

-Bunch closure (E-L#32) 7/17/15

-Veraison (E-L#35) 8/5/15

-Harvest (E-L#38) 9/15/15

-Yield: 7.8 lbs/vine

-Vines were affected by Downey Mildew, Bunch Rot and 2,4-D damage

 

‘Norton’:

-Winter survival rate: 7/12

-Bud break (E-L#2-4) 4/23/15

-Bloom (E-L#23) 5/25/15

-Bunch closure (E-L#32) 7/17/15

-Harvest (E-L#38) 9/9/15

-Yield: 3.7 lbs/vine

-Vines were affected by 2,4-D damage

 

‘Noiret’:

-Winter survival rate: 3/12

-Bud break (E-L#2-4) 4/23/15

-Bloom (E-L#23) 5/25/15

-Bunch closure (E-L#32) 7/17/15

-Veraison (E-L#35) 8/5/15

-Harvest (E-L#38) 9/9/15

-Yield: 2.0 lbs/vine

-Vines were affected by Bunch Rot

 

‘Rougeon’:

-Winter survival rate: 11/12

-Bud break (E-L#2-4) 4/23/15

-Bloom (E-L#23) 5/25/15

-Bunch closure (E-L#32) 7/17/15

-Veraison (E-L#35) 8/5/15

-Harvest (E-L#38) 9/2/15

-Yield: 8.6 lbs/vine

-Vines were affected by Black Rot, Downey Mildew and 2,4-D damage

 

‘Regent’:

-Winter survival rate: 9/12

-Bud break (E-L#2-4) 4/23/15

-Bloom (E-L#23) 5/25/15

-Bunch closure (E-L#32) 7/17/15

-Veraison (E-L#35) 8/5/15

-Harvest (E-L#38) 9/2/15

-Yield: 4.4 lbs/vine

-Vines were affected by Black Rot, Powdery Mildew and 2,4-D damage

 

‘St. Vincent’:

-Winter survival rate: 12/12

-Bud break (E-L#2-4) 4/23/15

-Bloom (E-L#23) 5/25/15

-Bunch closure (E-L#32) 7/17/15

-Harvest (E-L#38) 9/16/15

-Yield: 7.8 lbs/vine

-Vines were affected by Black Rot

 

‘St. Croix’:

-Winter survival rate: 12/12

-1-3” (E-L#9) 4/23/15

-Bloom (E-L#23) 5/25/15

-Bunch closure (E-L#32) 7/17/15

-Veraison (E-L#35) 8/5/15

-Harvest (E-L#38) 9/2/15

-Yield: 3.5 lbs/vine

-Vines were affected by 2,4-D damage

 

‘Steuben’:

-Winter survival rate: 12/12

-Bud break (E-L#2-4) 4/23/15

-Bloom (E-L#23) 5/25/15

-Bunch closure (E-L#32) 7/17/15

-Harvest (E-L#38) 9/3/15

-Yield: 12.8 lbs/vine

-Vines were affected by Black Rot

 

‘Seyval Blanc’:

-Winter survival rate: 11/12

-Bud break (E-L#2-4) 4/23/15

-Bloom (E-L#23) 5/25/15

-Bunch closure (E-L#32) 7/17/15

-Veraison (E-L#35) 8/5/15

-Harvest (E-L#38) 9/2/15

-Yield: 3.4 lbs/vine

-Vines were affected by Black Rot and Bunch Rot

-Vines produced a second crop that was dropped before harvest due to young age of vines

 

‘Vignoles’:

-Winter survival rate: 11/12

-1-3” (E-L#9) 5/25/15

-Bloom (E-L#23) 5/25/15

-Bunch closure (E-L#32) 7/17/15

-Veraison (E-L#35) 8/5/15

-Harvest (E-L#38) 9/5/15

-Yield: 2.7 lbs/vine

-Vines were affected by Black Rot and 2,4-D damage

 

‘Traminette’:

-Winter survival rate: All new vines

 

‘Vidal Blanc’:

-Winter survival rate: 1/12

-Bloom (E-L#23) 5/25/15

-Vines were affected by Black Rot

 

‘Valvin Muscat’:

-Winter survival rate: All new vines

-Vines were affected by Black Rot

D.R.

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